Posted by: gcarkner | September 23, 2012

Portrait of a Top History Scholar


History Department, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (574/631-7574);

EDUCATION B.A. (English), Wheaton College (IL), 1968 Summer Study (German) Middlebury College, 1968 M.A. (Comparative Literature), University of Iowa, 1970 (Thesis: “Novalis: Literary Relations and an Experiment in Translation”) M.A. (History of Christianity), Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1972 (Thesis: “Melchior Hofmann and the Lutherans”) M.A., Ph.D. (History of Christianity), Vanderbilt University, 1974, 1975

(Dissertation: “Church Membership and the American Revolution: An Aspect of Religion and Society from the Great Awakening to the War for Independence”)

EMPLOYMENT 2006- Francis A. McAnaney Professor of History, University of Notre Dame; 1979-2006: From Associate Professor to Professor of History and Theological Studies; 1991-2006, McManis Professor of Christian Thought, Wheaton College (IL) 1982-2006: (variously) co-founder, director, and senior advisor, Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals, Wheaton College 1975-78: Assistant Professor of History, Trinity College (Deerfield, IL)

HONORS, FELLOWSHIPS, AWARDS 2010-2011: National Endowment for the Humanities, year-long fellowship 2007: Election to Society of Historians 2006: National Humanities Medal 2004-05: Maguire Fellow of American History and Ethics, John W. Kluge Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 2004: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, fellow 1993-95: Pew Evangelical Scholar (fellowship plus assistance to several Wheaton College faculty) 1989-92: Research Fellowship (with David Wells [Gordon-Conwell Seminary] and Cornelius Plantinga, Jr. [Calvin Theological Seminary]) from the Pew Charitable Trusts to study evangelical theology in America 1987-88: National Endowment for the Humanities, Fellowship for College Teachers and Independent Scholars 1987: Writing Grant, Institute for Advanced Christian Studies 1985: Wheaton College Senior Teacher of the Year 1978-79: National Endowment for the Humanities College Teacher in Residence, Northwestern University (Director: T. H. Breen, Department of History) 1968-70: NDEA Fellow, University of Iowa 1968: Woodrow Wilson Designate

VISITING TEACHING 2010: Witherspoon Institute, Princeton, NJ (summer: seminar on church & state in colonial and Revolutionary periods) 2011, 2009, 2008, 2005, 2002, 2000, 1997, 1995, 1990 (summer): Regent College, Vancouver 2008: Institute for Constitutional Studies, George Washington University (summer) 2003: (summer): Calvin College 1998 (spring semester): Harvard Divinity School 1996 (winter quarter): University of Chicago, Divinity School 1992 (January interterm): Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia 1989, 1991 (summer): Lay theological Education, Transylvania, Romania 1982-83 academic year: Juniata College (Huntingdon, PA) 1976-80: Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Deerfield, IL

COURSES TAUGHT American religious history, American intellectual history, theology in America, religion and politics in America, general history of Christianity, world Christianity since 1800, Britain to 1832, history of British Christianity, Reformation Europe, Reformation theology, Historiography, Luther, Puritanism, American History survey, Christian Symbolics, religion in Canada, introduction to Canadian history, World Civilization

RESEARCH INTERESTS Theology, politics, and society from the Great Awakening to the Civil War. Intellectual history of Protestantism. Cultural history of the Bible. Evangelicalism in the North Atlantic region.

EDITORIAL Editorial committee co-chair Books & Culture (1995- ); co-editor, “Library of Religious Biography” (1987- ), Wm. B. Eerdmans Company; Previous editorial service for Reformed Journal (1983-1990), Christianity Today (1991-93); Christian History (1988-2008), Christian Scholar’s Review (1978-83), and the 4th ed. (for American and British church history), Religion und Geschichte und Gegenwart (1997-2006)

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS American Historical Association, American Society of Church History (Council, 1989-91; president, 2005-06), Canadian Society of Church History, Conference on Faith and History, Institute for Early American History and Culture, Organization of American Historians, Society for Historians of the Early Republic


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Protestantism—A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Jesus Christ and the Life of the Mind (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011).

Co-author with Carolyn Nystrom, Clouds of Witnesses: Christian Voices from Africa and Asia (InterVarsity Press, 2011).

The New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global Faith (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009).

God and Race in American Politics: A Short History (Princeton University Press, 2008).

Co-author with James Turner and Thomas Albert Howard, The Future of Christian Learning: An Evangelical and Catholic Dialogue (Brazos Press, 2008).

Co-editor with Luke E. Harlow, Religion and American Politics: From the Colonial Period to the Present, expanded 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press, 2007). • “Introduction,” pp. 3-19. • “Canadian Counterpoint,” pp. 423-40.

What Happened to Christian Canada? (Vancouver: Regent College Publishing, 2007). [Containing the 2006 Church History article, as below.]

The Civil War as a Theological Crisis (University of North Carolina Press, 2006).

Co-editor with Edith L. Blumhofer, Sing Them Over Again to Me: Hymns and Hymnbooks in America (University of Alabama Press, 2006). • “Introduction,” pp. vii-xvii. • “‟All Hail the Power of Jesus‟ Name‟: Significant Variations on a Significant Theme,” pp. 43-73

Co-author with Carolyn Nystrom, Is the Reformation Over? An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Catholicism (Baker, 2005).

The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield and the Wesleys (InterVarsity Press, 2004).

Co-editor, with Edith L. Blumhofer, Singing the Lord‟s Song in a Strange Land: Hymnody in the History of North American Protestantism (University of Alabama Press, 2004).

Co-editor, with Richard Mouw, Wonderful Words of Life: Hymns in American Protestant History and Theology (Eerdmans, 2004). •”The Defining Role of Hymns in Early Evangelicalism,” pp. 3-16.

Co-editor for this 3rd edition, with E. S. Gaustad, A Documentary History of Religion in America to 1877, A Documentary History of Religion in America since 1877 (Eerdmans, 2003)

America’s God, from Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln (Oxford University Press, 2002).

Consulting Editor, Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals, ed. Timothy Larsen (Leicester, Eng.: Inter-Varsity Press, 2003) • Samuel Davies, pp. 182-83  • George Rawlyk, pp. 540-42.

The Work We Have To Do: A History of Protestants in America (Oxford University Press, 2002), revised edition of Protestants in America, in a series for young adults, “Religion in America,” edited by Harry S. Stout and Jon Butler (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Editor, God and Mammon: Protestants, Money, and the Market, 1790-1860 (Oxford University Press, 2001)

• “Introduction,” pp. 3-29; • “Protestant Reasoning about Money and the Economy, 1790-1860: A Preliminary Probe,” pp. 265-295.

Das Christentum in Nordamerika (Kirchengeschichte in Einzeldarstellungen, Band IV/4; Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2001), written in English. Revised, expanded version published as The Old Religion in a New World: The History of North American Christianity (Eerdmans, 2002).

American Evangelical Christianity: An Introduction (Blackwell, 2000)

Editor with Larry Eskridge, More Money, More Ministry: Money and Evangelicals in Recent North American History (Eerdmans, 2000) •with Dean Hoge, “Levels and Contribution and Attitudes toward Moeny among Evangelicals and Non-Evangelicals in Canada and the United States”

Editor with David N. Livingstone, B. B. Warfield: Evolution, Science, and Scripture–Selected Writings (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2000).

Editor with Ronald F. Thiemann, Where Shall My Wond’ring Soul Begin? The Landscape of Evangelical Piety and Thought (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000) • “Evangelism at its Best” [hymnody]

Editor with David Livingstone and D. G. Hart, Evangelicals and Science in Historical Perspective (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). • “Science, Theology, and Society: From Cotton Mather to William Jennings Bryan.”

Consulting editor, with editor D. G. Hart, Dictionary of the Presbyterian and Reformed Tradition in America (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1999), including “Presbyterians and the Bible,” “Presbyterians and the American Revolution,” “Thomas Chalmers,” “Ashbel Green,” “Benjamin Rush,” and “Samuel Stanhope Smith”

Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997).

Seasons of Grace [poems] (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997).

With James Bratt, Max Stackhouse, and James Skillen, Adding Cross to Crown: The Political Significance of Christ‟s Passion (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996).

The Scandal of the Evangelical Mind (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994).

Editor with David N. Livingstone, Charles Hodge‟s What Is Darwinism? and Other Writings on Religion and Science (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1994).

Editor with David Bebbington and George Rawlyk, Evangelicalism: Comparative Studies of Popular Protestantism in North America, the British Isles, and Beyond, 1700-1990 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993). • ”Introduction”;

• “Revolution and the Rise of Evangelical Social Influence in North Atlantic Societies”; • “Afterword: The Generations of Scholarship.”

Editor with George Rawlyk, Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States (Grand Rapids: Baker; and Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen‟s University Press, 1994). • “Revival, Enlightenment, Civic Humanism, and the Evolution of Calvinism in Scotland and America, 1735-1843.”

A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992)

Editor, Confessions and Catechisms of the Reformation (Grand Rapids: Baker; and Leicester, Eng.: InterVarsity Press, 1991)

With Howard Kee and three others, Christianity: A Social and Cultural History (New York: Macmillan, 1991). • “Christianity and Culture in America.”

Princeton and the Republic, 1768-1822: The Search for a Christian Enlightenment in the Era of Samuel Stanhope Smith (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989)

Editor, Religion and American Politics: From the Colonial Period to the 1980s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989). • “Introduction”; • With Lyman Kellstedt, “Religion, Voting for President, and Party Identification, 1948- 1984.”

Editor with David Wells, Christian Faith and Practice in the Modern World: Theology from an Evangelical Point of View (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988).

One Nation Under God? Christian Faith and Political Action in America (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988).

Editor, The Princeton Defense of Plenary Verbal Inspiration in the reprint series Fundamentalism in Americn Religion, 1880-1950, ed. Joel A. Carpenter (New York: Garland, 1988).

Editor with Roger Lundin, Voices From the Heart: Four Centuries of American Piety (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987).

Editor, Charles Hodge: The Way of Life and Other Writings (Sources of American Spirituality; Mahwah, N.J.: Paulist Press, 1987).

Between Faith and Criticism: Evangelicals, Scholarship, and the Bible in America (Society of Biblical Literature, Centennial Publication Project; San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986); expanded edition (Grand Rapids: Baker; and Leicester, Eng.: InterVarsity Press, 1991)

With N. Hatch, G. Marsden, D. Wells, J. Woodbridge, Eerdmans Handbook to Christianity in America (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983). • “God and the Colonies.”

With N. Hatch and G. Marsden,, The Search for Christian America (Westchester, Ill.: Crossways, 1983); expanded edition (Colorado Springs: Helmers & Howard, 1989).

Editor, The Princeton Theology 1812-1921: Scripture, Science, and Theological Method from Archibald Alexander to Benjamin Warfield (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1983)

Editor with Nathan Hatch, The Bible in America: Essays in Cultural History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982). • “Introduction”; • “The Image of the United States as a Biblical Nation, 1776-1865.”

With N. Hatch and J. Woodbridge, The Gospel in America: Themes in the Story of America’s Evangelicals (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1979).

Christians in the American Revolution (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977; expanded ed., Regent College Press, 2006)


“Evangelicals, Creation, and Scripture: Lessons from a Long History,” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 63 (Sept. 2011): 147-58.

“William Jennings Bryan, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and the King James Version of the Bible,” Theology 114 (July 2011): 251-59.

“The Place of Scripture in the Modern Christian University,” The Cresset (Valparaiso University), Trinity 2011, pp. 6-15.

“Theology, Presbyterian History, and the Civil War,” Journal of Presbyterian History 89:1 (Spring/Summer 2011): 5-16.

“Christian Thinking and the Rise of the American University” and “Traditional Christianity and the Possibility of Historical Knowledge,” in Taking Every Thought Captive: Forty Years of the Christian Scholar‟s Review, ed. Don W. King (Abilene: Abilene Christian University Press, 2011), pp. 31-44, 249-66 [reprinted from 1979 and 1990, respectively].

“Forum: American Scriptures,” Religion and American Culture 21 (Winter 2011): 24-31.

“What Is „Evangelical‟?” in The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology, ed. Gerald R. McDermott (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 19-32.

“The Election Sermon: Situating Religion and the Constitution in the Eighteenth Century,” DePaul Law Review 59 (Summer 2010): 1223-1248.

“Protestants and Politics,” in The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Politics, ed. Michael Kazin (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010), 618-625.

“Politics (American Empire, 1803-1898),” in Religion in American History, ed. Amanda Porterfield and John Corrigan (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), 173-89.

“American Religious History, 1907-2007,” in A Century of American Historiography, ed. James M. Banner, Jr. (Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2010), 90-102.

“Northern American Christianity,” in Atlas of Global Christianity, eds. Todd Johnson and Kenneth Ross (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010), 190-191.

“British Methodological Pointers for Writing a History of Theology in America,” in Seeing Things Their Way: Intellectual History and the Return of Religion, eds. Alister Chapman, John Coffey, and Brad Gregory (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009), 202- 25.

“Religion and the American Founding,” in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Politics, ed. Corwin E. Smidt, Lyman A. Kellstedt, and James L. Guth (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 43-68.

“The Significance of Hymnody in the First Evangelical Revivals, 1730-1760,” in Revival, Renewal, and the Holy Spirit [commemorating the Welsh Revival, 1904-1905], ed. Dyfed Wyn Roberts (Milton Keynes, Eng.: Paternoster, 2009), 45-64.

“Genres of Redemption: African Americans, the Bible, and Slavery from Lemuel Haynes to Frederick Douglass,” in Invisible Conversations: Religion in the Literature of America, ed. Roger Lundin (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2009), 69-82.

“American Religion, 1809-1865,” in Lincoln‟s America, 1809-1865, ed. Joseph R. Fornieri and Sara Vaughn Gabbard (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008), pp. 72-93.

“What Lutherans Have to Offer Public Theology,” Lutheran Quarterly 22:2 (Summer 2008): 125-36.

(with Ethan Sanders), “Evangelicalism in North America,” in A People‟s History of Christianity, vol. 7: Twentieth-Century Global Christianity, ed. Mary Farrell Bednarowski (Fortress, 2008), pp. 157-89, 410-13.

“Princeton in the Revolutionary Era, 1757-1815,” Journal of Presbyterian History 85:2 (Fall/Winter 2007): 89-101.

“Protestant Evangelicals and Recent American Politics,” The Journal of American and Canadian Studies [Sophia University, Japan], no. 25 (2007): 3-18.

“Evangelicals and John Paul II” and “Ecclesia de Eucharistia: Locus of Doctrine, Way of Life,” in The Legacy of John Paul II: An Evangelical Assessment, ed. Tim Perry (InterVarsity Press, 2007), pp. 21-36, 118-39.

“John Wesley,” in The Sermon on the Mount Through the Centuries: From the Early Church to John Paul II, eds. J. P. Greeman, T. Larsen, and S. R. Spencer (Brazos Press, 2007), 153-80.

“Nineteenth-Century Religion in World Context,” OAH Magazine of History, July 2007, pp. 51- 56; also in American on the World State: A Global Approach to U.S. History, ed. Gary W. Reichard and Ted Dickson (University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 55-71.

The Logic of Evangelicalism and the Challenges of Philanthropy (pamphlet), The Center on Philanthropy at IUPUI, 2007.

“Introduction,” in B. B. Warfield: Essays on His Life and Thought, ed. Gary L. W. Johnson (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 2007), 1-11.

“Canada” (revised), Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, ed. Robert Wuthnow (CQ Press, 2007), 1:95-99.

“British and French North America to 1765,” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 7: Enlightenment, Reawakening and Revolution, 1660-1815, ed. Stewart J. Brown and Timothy Tackett (Cambridge University Press, 2006), 392-410.

“A Jesuit Interpretation of Mid-Nineteenth-Century America: „Mormonism in Connection with Modern Protestantism,” BYU Studies 43 (2006): 39-74.

“‟Christian America‟ and „Christian Canada‟,” in The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 8: World Christianities,c. 1815-c.1914, ed. Sheridan Gilley and Brian Stanley (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 359-80.

“What Happened to Christian Canada?” Church History 75 (June 2006): 245-73.

“What Has Been Distinctly American About American Presbyterians?” The Journal of Presbyterian History 84 (Spring/Summer 2006): 6-11.

“Charles Hodge,” in Reading Romans Through the Centuries: From the Early Church to Karl Barth, eds. Jeffrey Greenman and Timothy Larsen (Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2005), 169-86.

“History,” in Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible, ed. Kevin J. Vanhoozer, et al. (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005), 295-99.

“The Bible in American Public Life,” Books & Culture, Sept/Oct 2005, pp. 7, 46-50.

“Jonathan Edwards‟s Freedom of the Will Abroad,” in Jonathan Edwards at 300: Essays on the Tercentenary of His Brith, ed. Harry S. Stout, Kenneth P. Minkema, and Caleb J. D. Maskell (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2005), 98-110.

“Introduction to Modern Protestantism,” in The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law, Politics, and Human Nature, 2 vols., ed. John Witte, Jr., and Frank S. Alexander (New York: Columbia University Press, 2005), 1:261-87 (republished as pp. 1-28 in The Teachings of Modern Protestantism on Law, Politics, and Human Nature, ed. John Witte, Jr., and Frank S. Alexander [Columbia University Press, 2007).

“Edwards‟ Theology After Edwards,” in The Princeton Companion to Jonathan Edwards, ed. Sang Hyun Lee (Princeton University Press, 2005), 292-308.

“The View of World-Wide Christianity from American Evangelical Magazines, 1900-2000,” in Making History for God: Essays on Evangelicalism, Revival and Mission In Honour of Stuart Piggin (Sydney, Australia: Robert Menzies College, 2004), 367-386.

“L‟ influence amèricaine sur le christianisme évagélique mondial au XXe siècle,” in Le Protestantisme Évangélique: Un Christiannisem de Conversion, ed. Sébastien Fath (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2004), 59-80.

“The Contingencies of Christian Republicanism: An Alternative Account of Protestantism and the American Founding,” in Protestantism and the American Founding, ed. Thomas S. Engeman and Michael P. Zuckert (University of Notre Dame Press, 2004), 225-56.

“Jesus Christ and the Life of the Mind,” Korea Journal of Christian Studies 35 (2004): 7-23.

“The Poetry of Anne Bradstreet (1612-17672) and “Edward Taylor (1642-1729,” in The Devoted Life: An Invitation to the Puritan Classcis, ed. Kelly M. Kapic and Randall C. Gleason (InterVarsity Press, 2004), 251-269.

“Lincoln‟s God,” Journal of Presbyterian History 82:2 (Summer 2004): 77-88.

“Evangelical Identity, Power, and Culture in the „Great‟ Nineteenth Century,” in Christianity Reborn: The Global Expansion of Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century, ed. Donald M. Lewis (Eerdmans, 2004), pp. 31-51.

“American Lutheranism Yesterday and Today,”in Lutherans Today: American Lutheran Identity in the Twenty-First Century, ed. Richard Cimino (Eerdmans, 2003), pp. 3-25.

“The Future of Protestantism: Evangelicalism,” in The Blackwell Companion to Protestantism, eds. Alister E. McGrath and Darren C. Marks (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003), 421-38.

“Northern America,” in Encyclopedia of Christianity, Vol. 3 (Eerdmans, 2003), 785-94.

“Response to Critics of America‟s God,” The Journal of the Historical Society, 3:3/4 (Summer/Fall 2003): 461-70.

“Response to Critiques of America‟s God,” Church History 72 (Sept. 2003): 630-33.

“Has Christianity Done More Harm than Good?” in Must Christianity Be Violent? Reflections on History, Practice, and Theology, eds. Kenneth R. Chase and Alan Jacobs (Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2003), 79-93.

“C. S. Lewis‟s „Mere Christianity‟ (The book and the Ideal) at the Start of the Twenty-First Century,” Seven 19 (2002): 31-44.

“Charles Hodge as Expositer of the Spiritual Life,” in Charles Hodge Revisited, ed. John W. Stewart and James M. Moorhead (Eerdmans, 2002), 181-216.

“National Churches, Gathered Churches, and Varieties of Lay Evangelicalism, 1735-1859,” in The Rise of the Laity in Evangelical Protestantism, ed. Deryck Lovegrove (London: Routledge, 2002), 134-52.

“A Century of Christian Social Teaching: The Legacy of Leo XIII and Abraham Kuyper,” Markets and Morality 5:1 (Spring 2002): 137-56.

“The Future of the Religious College: Looking Ahead by Looking Back,” in The Future of Religious Colleges, ed. Paul J. Dovre (Eerdmans, 2002), 73-94.

“Teaching History as a Christian,” in Religion, Scholarship, and Higher Education: Perspectives, Models, and Future Prospects, ed. Andrea Sterk (University of Notre Dame Press, 2002), 161-71.

“Evangelicals Past and Present,” in Religion, Politics, and the American Experiment: Reflections on Religion and American Public Life, ed. Edith L. Blumhofer (University of Alabama Press, 2002), 103-22.

“The Evangelical Surge and the Significance of Religion in the Early United States,” in The State of U.S. History, ed. Melvyn Stokes (Oxford: Berg, 2001), 93-114.

“Response to the Essays” (on writing Presbyterian denominational history), Journal of Presbyterian History 79 (Fall 2001): 231-33.

“Continental Divides: North American Civil War and Religion as at Least Three Stories,” in Religion and Public Life in Canada: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, ed. Marguerite Van Die (University of Toronto Press, 2001), 153-73.

“Religion,” in The Oxford Companion to United States History, ed. Paul S. Boyer (Oxford University Press, 2001), 657-59 (also “The Bible,” p. 71).

“Evangelical Christianity,” in Contemporary American Christianity, ed. Wade Clark Roof (Macmillan, 2000), 1:237-40.

“Evangelikalismus und Fundamentalismus in Nordamerika,” in Geschichte des Pietismus, vol. 3, ed. Ulrich Gäbler (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2000), 466-532.

(with David N. Livingstone), “B. B. Warfield (1851-1921): “A Biblical Inerrantist as Evolutionist,” Isis 91:2 (June 2000): 283-304. [Reprinted Journal of Presbyterian History 80:3 (Fall 2002): 153-71, as Woodrow Wilson Award as best scholarly article on an American Presbyterian subject in 2001.]

“George Rawlyk’s Contribution to Canadian History as a Contribution to United States History: A Preliminary Probe,” Fides et Historia 32:1 (Winter/Spring 2000): 1-17 [also in Revivals, Baptists, and George Rawlyk, ed. Daniel C. Goodwin, Baptist Heritage in Atlantic Canada, vol. 17 (Nova Scotia: Acadia Divinity College, 2000), 29-51].

“Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism,” in The History of Science and Religion in the Western Tradition: An Encyclopedia, ed. Gary B. Ferngren (New York: Garland, 2000), 298-306. [Reprinted in Science and Religion: A Historical Introduction, ed. Gary B. Ferngren (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002), 261-76.]

“A Theological Understanding of ‘Ordinary History’,” Christianity and History Newsletter (UK Study Group on Christianity and History) no. 19 (Spring 2000): 6-16.

“Evangelicals in the American Founding and Evangelical Political Mobilization Today,” in Religion and the New Republic: Faith in the Founding of America, ed. James H. Hutson (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), 137-58.

“Public Theology in Contemporary America” (forum), Religion and American Culture 10 (Winter 2000): 8-12.

“Religion and War,” Oxford Companion to American Military History, ed. J. W. Chambers (Oxford University Press, 1999), 599-602.

“The Enlightenment and Evangelical Intellectual Life in the Nineteenth Century,” in Ideas, Ideologies, and Social Movements: The United States Experience since 1800, eds. Peter A. Coclanis and Stuart Burchy (University of South Carolina Press, 1999), 42-59, 196-201.

“Religion in Canada and the United States,” Crux 34:4 (Dec. 1998): 13-25.

“Canada,” Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion (Congressional Quarterly, Inc, 1998), 97-100.

“The Bible and Slavery,” in Religion and the American Civil War, eds. R. M. Miller, H. S. Stout, and C. R. Wilson (Oxford University Press, 1998), 43-73.

“Charles Hodge,” Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, ed. Donald K. McKim (InterVarsity Press, 1998), 325-30.

“The Potential of Missiology for the Crises of History,” in History and the Christian Historian, ed. Ronald A. Wells (Eerdmans, 1998), 106-123.

“Evangelicalism at Its Best,” Harvard Divinity Bulletin, 27:2/3 (1998): 8-12 (abridged version published as “We Are What We Sing: Classic Hymns Reveal Evangelicalism at its Best,” Christianity Today, 12 July 1999, pp. 37-41).

“Thomas Chalmers in America (1830-1917),” Church History 66 (Dec. 1997): 762-77.

“The Bible, American Minority Faiths, and the American Protestant Mainstream, 1860-1925” pp. 191-231 in Minority Faiths and the American Protestant Mainstream, ed. Jonathan Sarna (University of Illinois Press, 1997).

“Canadian Evangelicalism: A View from the United States,” pp. 3-20, 434-37, in Aspects of the Canadian Evangelical Experience, ed. G. A. Rawlyk (McGill-Queen‟s University Press, 1997).

“Linking Billy Sunday and the Mystique of the Middle West to the Religious History of Iowa,” The Annals of Iowa 55 (Fall 1996): 362-68.

“„Both Pray to the Same God‟: The Singularity of Lincoln‟s Faith in the Era of the Civil War,” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 18 (Winter 1997): 1-26.

“Traditional Christianity and the Possibility of Historical Knowledge,” in Religious Advocacy and American History, eds. Bruce Kuklick and D. G. Hart (Eerdmans, 1997), pp. 28-53 (revised from 1990 essay in Christian Scholar‟s Review).

“J. I. Packer and the Shaping of American Evangelicalism,” in Doing Theology for the People of God: Studies in Honor of J. I. Packer, eds. Donald Lewis and Alister McGrath (InterVarsity Press, 1996), pp. 191-206; abridged as “The Last Puritan,” Christianity Today, Sept. 16, 1996, pp. 51-53.

“The Challenge of Contemporary Church History, the Dilemmas of Modern History, and Missiology to the Rescue,” Missiology 24 (Jan. 1996): 47-64.

“The History of an Encounter: Roman Catholics and Protestant Evangelicals,” in Evangelicals and Catholics Together: Toward a Common Mission, eds. Charles Colson and Richard John Neuhaus (Word, 1995), pp. 81-114.

“The Rise and Long Life of the Protestant Enlightenment in America,” in Knowledge and Belief in America: Enlightenment Traditions and Modern Religious Thought, eds. William M. Shea and Peter A. Huff (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 88-124

(with Lyman Kellstedt), “The Changing Face of Evangelicalism,” Pro Ecclesia 4 (Spring 1995): 146-64

(with Cornelius Plantinga, Jr. and David F. Wells), “Evangelical Theology Today,” Theology Today, 51 (Jan. 1995), 495-507

(with Peter Wallace), “The Students of Princeton Seminary, 1812-1929: A Research Note,” American Presbyterians, 72 (Fall 1994), 203-15

“The Reformation and Shakespeare: Focus on Henry VIII,” pp. 83-101 in Shakespeare and the Christian Tradition, ed. E. Beatrice Batson (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1994)

“Church and State in the British Colonies,” vol. 3, pp. 503-515, in Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, ed. J. E. Cook (New York: Scribner’s, 1993)

“Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield,” pp. 26-39 in Handbook of Evangelical Theologians, ed. Walter Elwell (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1993)

“The Evangelical Enlightenment (1776-1865-1914) and the Task of Theological Education,” pp. 270-300 in Communication and Change in American Religious History, ed. Leonard I. Sweet (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993)

“The American Revolution and Protestant Evangelicalism,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History , 23:3 (Winter 1993), 615-38

“The Scandal of Evangelical Political Reflection, 1896-1991,” pp. 59-93, 318-23 in Being Christian Today, eds. Richard John Neuhaus and George Weigel (Washington: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1992)

“The End of Canadian History?” First Things, April 1992, pp. 29-36.

“Ethnic, American, or Lutheran? Dilemmas for a Historic Confession in the New World,” The Lutheran Theological Seminary Review, Winter 1991, pp. 17-38; reprinted in slightly altered form as “The Lutheran Difference,” First Things, Feb. 1992, pp. 31-40

(with Cassandra Niemczyk), “Evangelicals and the Self-Consciously Reformed,” pp. 204-21, in The Variety of American Evangelicalism, eds. D. W. Dayton and R. K. Johnston (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press; and Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1991)

(with Darryl Hart) “The Languages of Zion: Presbyterian Devotional Literature in the Twentieth Century,” pp. 187-207 in The Confessional Mosaic: Presbyterianism and Twentieth-Century Theology (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1990); adapted also as “A Precarious Balance: Two Hundred Years of Presbyterian Devotional Literature,” American Presbyterians, 68:3 (Fall 1990), 207-219.

“Traditional Christianity and the Possibility of Historical Knowledge,” Christian Scholar’s Review, 19 (June 1990), 388-406.

“Part II: History and Character” and “Part III: Life of the Mind,” pp. 97-184, 185-239, in Evangelicalism in Twentieth-Century America: A Guide to the Sources, eds. Edith Blumhofer and Joel Carpenter (New York: Garland, 1990)

“Revival, Enlightenment, Civic Humanism, and the Development of Dogma: Scotland and America, 1735-1843,” Tyndale Bulletin, 40 (1989), 49-76.

“Bible Scholarship and the Evangelicals,” Religion and Intellectual Life, 6 (Spring/Summer 1989), 110-124.

“The Contested Legacy of Jonathan Edwards in Antebellum Calvinism: Theological Conflict in the Evolution of Thought in America,” Canadian Review of American Studies, 19 (Summer 1988), 149-64; reprinted, pp. 200-217, in Reckoning with the Past, ed. D. G. Hart (Baker, 1995).

“The Social Sciences and Religious History,” Fides et Historia, 20 (October 1988), 5-31.

“The Princeton Theological Review,” Westminster Theological Journal, 50 (Fall 1988), 283-304.

“Primitivism in Fundamentalism and American Biblical Scholarship,” pp. 120-28 in The American Quest for the Primitive Church, ed. Richard T. Hughes (University of Illinois Press, 1988).

“Contemporary Historical Writing: Practice and Presuppositions,” Christianity and History Newsletter (University and Colleges Christian Fellowship, Great Britain), Feb. 1988, pp. 15- 32.

“Jonathan Edwards and Nineteenth-Century Theology,” pp. 260-287 in Jonathan Edwards and the American Experience, eds. Nathan O. Hatch and Harry S. Stout (Oxford University Press, 1988); reprinted pp. 115-37, The Best in Theology, Vol. 4 (Carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today, 1990).

“The Bible in American Culture,” vol. II, pp. 1075-87, Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience, eds. C. H. Lippy and P. W. Williams (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1988).

“James Madison: From Evangelical Princeton to the Constitutional Convention,” Pro Rege, 16 (Dec. 1987), 2-14.

“The Eclipse of Old Hostilities between and the Potential for New Strife among Catholics and Protestants Since Vatican II,” pp. 86-109, in Uncivil Religion: Interreligious Hostility in America, eds. Robert N. Bellah and Frederick E. Greenspahn (Crossroad, 1987).

“The Irony of the Enlightenment for Presbyterians in the Early Republic,” Journal of the Early Republic, 5 (Summer 1985), 149-75; reprinted, pp. 131-153, in Reckoning with the Past, ed. D. G. Hart (Baker, 1995).

“Common Sense Traditions and American Evangelical Thought,” American Quarterly, 37 (Summer 1985), 216-38.

“La Bible dans la civilisation americaine,” pp. 187-208, in Le monde contemporain et la Bible, eds. C. Savart and J.-N. Aletti, vol. 8 of Bible de tous les temps, ed. Charles Kannengiesser (Paris: Editions Beauchesne, 1985).

“The Princeton Theology,” pp. 15-35 in Reformed Theology in America: A History of Its Modern Development, ed. David F. Wells (Eerdmans, 1985); reprinted in The Princeton Theology, ed. D. F. Wells (Baker, 1989).

“The Bible in Revolutionary America,” pp. 39-60 in The Bible in American Law, Politics, and Political Rhetoric, ed. James Turner Johnson (Fortress, for the Society of Biblical Literature, 1985)

“Evangelicals and the Study of the Bible,” pp. 103-121 in Evangelicalism and Modern America, ed. George M. Marsden (Eerdmans, 1984)

“Introduction: Christian Colleges, Christian Worldviews, and an Invitation to Research,” pp. 1- 36 in William C. Ringenberg, The Christian College: A History of Protestant Higher Education in America (Eerdmans, 1984). Second edition, pp. 17-36, Baker Academic (2006).

“The Response of Elias Boudinot to the Student Rebellion of 1807: Visions of Honor, Order, and Morality,” Princeton University Library Chronicle, 43 (1981), 1-22

“Scientific History in America: A Centennial Observation from a Christian Point of View,” Fides et Historia, 14 (1981), 2l-37

“Before the Storm: Life at Princeton College 1806-1807,” Princeton University Library Chronicle, 42 (1981), 145-64

“Moses Mather (Old Calvinist) and the Evolution of Edwardseanism,” Church History, 49 (1980), 273-86

“Jacob Green’s Proposal for Seminaries,” Journal of Presbyterian History, 58 (1980), 273-86

“Who Sets the Stage for Understanding Scripture? Philosophies of Science Often Provide the Logic for our Hermeneutics,” Christianity Today, May 23, 1980, pp. 14-18

“The Princeton Trustees of 1807: New Men, New Directions,” Princeton University Library Chronicle, 41 (1980), 208-30

“The Earliest Protestants and the Reformation of Education,” Westminster Theological Journal, 43 (1980), 97-131

“The Founding of Princeton Seminary,” Westminster Theological Journal, 42 (1979), 72-110

“Christian Thinking and the Rise of the American University,” Christian Scholar’s Review, 9 (1979), 3-16

“The Word of God and the Bible: A View from the Reformation,” Christian Scholar’s Review, 8 (1978), 25-31

“Martin Luther and the Concept of a ‘True’ Church,” Evangelical Quarterly, 50 (1978), 79-85

“Ebenezer Devotion: Religion and Society in Revolutionary Connecticut,” Church History, 45 (1976), 293-307

“Observations on the Reconciliation of Politics and Religion in Revolutionary New Jersey: The Case of Jacob Green,” Journal of Presbyterian History, 44 (1976), 217-37; reprinted, pp. 108- 128, in Reckoning with the Past, ed. D. G. Hart (Baker, 1995).

“The Church and the American Revolution: Historiographical Pitfalls, Problems, and Progress,” Fides et Historia, 8 (1975), 2-19.

“Romanticism and the Hymns of Charles Wesley,” Evangelical Quarterly, 46 (1974), 195-223.

“John Calvin, The Duke of Somerset, and the King of England,” Westminster Theological Journal, 38 (1974), 1-23.

“Martin Luther Defends Melchior Hofmann,” Sixteenth Century Journal, 4 (1973), 47-60.


“Mine Eyes Have Seen” (David Goldfield, America Aflame: How the Civil War Created a Nation), in The American Interest, Sept/Oct 2011, pp. 99-106.

“Jesus and Jefferson” (D. Williams, God‟s Own Party: The Making of the Christian Right; D. Dochuk, From Bible Belt to Sunbelt: Plain-folk Religion, Grassroots Politics, and the Rise of Evangelical Conservatism), The New Republic, 9 June 2011, pp. 35-39.

“Jefferson‟s America?” (Gordon Wood, Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815), in Books & Culture, Jan/Feb 2010, pp. 8-9.

“Under God after Bush and Rove” (Garry Wills, Head and Heart: A History of Christianity in America), Reviews in American History 37 (Sept. 09): 359-64.

Looking South” (four books on Latin American history), Journal of Religious History 31:2 (June 2007): 185-94.

“A Moral Case for the Social Relations of Slavery” (Elizabeth Fox-Genovese and Eugene D. Genovese, The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders‟ Worldview), Modern Intellectual History 4:1 (2007): 191-204.

“The Crown of a Distinguished Career” (E. Brooks Holifield, Theology in America), Church History 73 (Sept. 2004): 669-73.

Review essay on Stewart Winger, Lincoln, Religion, and Romantic Cultural Politics, Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 25 (Winter 2004): 98-103.

“Is there a Baptist Theology in the House?” (essay review of three source books of Baptist history and theology), Perspectives in Religious Studies 28 (Fall 2001): 285-90 (published Jan. 03).

Review essay on David Barrett, et al., World Christian Encyclopedia—2nd ed., in Church History 71:2 (June 2002): 448-54.

“Turning the World Upside Down” [Philip Jenkins, The Next Christendom], Books & Culture, Mar/Apr 2002, pp. 32-33.

“Ordinary People, Extraordinary Times” [C. Hibbert, George III; F. S. Fox, Sweet Land of Liberty: The Ordeal of the American Revolution in Northampton County, Pennsylvania], Books & Culture, July/Aug 2001, pp. 27-29.

“Methodism Unbound” [Dee Andrews, The Methodists and Revolutionary America], Reviews in American History 29 (June 2001): 192-97.

“Englishing the Book” [3 books on the King James Version and translations], Books & Culture, May/June 2001, p. 23.

“The Letters of Dorothy L. Sayers” (volumes 2 and 3), Seven 16 (1999): 105-10.

“History Wars I, II, III, IV,” Books & Culture, May/June 1999, pp. 30-34; July/Aug 1999, pp. 22-25; Sept/Oct 1999, pp. 38-41; Nov/Dec 1999, pp. 42-44.

“Cracks in the Liberty Bell” (four books on American Revolution), Books & Culture, July/Aug 1998, pp. 18-20.

“American History Through the Eyes of Faith” [Steven Keillor, This Rebellious House: American History and the Truths of Christianity], Christian Century, May 21-28, 1997, pp. 515-518

“Bible Stories” (books by R. Bottigheimer, N. Cohn, and J. Pelikan), Books & Culture, March/April 1997, pp. 21-23.

“God Prosper the Right: The First Coming of Evangelical Politics” (R. Carwardine‟s Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America), Reviews in American History 24 (Dec. 1996): 601-06.

[Review of Michael Zöller, Washington und Rom: Der Katholizismus in der amerikanischen Kultur], Theologische Literaturzeitung (Leipzig), Sept. 1996, col. 862-63.

“Translating Christianity” [Andrew Walls, The Missionary Movement in Christian History], Books & Culture, Nov/Dec 1996, pp. 6-7, 35-37.

“Football, Neo-Thomism, and the Silver Age of Catholic Higher Education” [Philip Gleason, Catholic Higher Education in the Twentieth Century], Books & Culture, Sept/Oct 1996, pp. 31-34.

“In the Name of the Fathers: The Long Reach of Northern Ireland‟s History” [historical books], Books & Culture, Jan/Feb 1996, pp. 11-13

“The Struggle for Lincoln‟s Soul” [M. Peterson, Lincoln in American Memory; M. Bulingame, The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln; P. Paludan, The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln], Books & Culture, Sept/Oct 1995, pp. 3, 5-7

“Midwives of the New South Africa” [on Alan Paton and Nelson Mandela], Books & Culture [preview edition in Christianity Today, 17 July 1995, pp. 33-34]

[Review of Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology], Fides et Historia, 26 (Winter/Spring 1994), 118-25; revised in Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 12 (Autumn 1994), 137-143

“Science, Religion, and a New Biography of Charles Darwin” [on Darwin by Adrian Desmond and James Moore], Intellectual History Newsletter 15 (1993): 48-56; abridged version as “Theology, Science, Politics: What Darwin Meant,” Christian Century, Aug. 26-Sept. 2, 1992, pp. 776-79

“Presbyterians and the Mainline Decline” [Mulder, Coalter, Weeks, eds., The Presbyterian Presence: The Twentieth-Century Experience, 7 vols.], Christianity Today, Sept. 13, 1993, pp. 39-40.

“Ignorant Armies” [Ronald L. Numbers, The Creationists], First Things, April 1993, pp. 45-58

[Review of five volumes of Princetonians series], William and Mary Quarterly, 49:4 (Oct. 1992), 732-36

“Christianity in Canada: Good Books at Last,” Fides et Historia, 23:2 (Summer 1991), 80-104

“The Public Church in the Years of Conflict” [Martin E. Marty, The Noise of Conflict, 1919- 1941 (Chicago, 1991)], Christian Century, May 15-22, 1991, pp. 552-59.

“Evaluating North Atlantic Religious History, 1640-1859,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 33 (April 1991), 415-25.

“Rethinking Restorationism” [four books by R. T. Hughes and C. L. Allen on Churches of Christ and the Restorationist Tradition], Reformed Journal, Nov. 1989, pp. 15-21.

“American Religious Thought of the 18th and 19th Centuries” [reprint series ed. by Bruce Kuklick, Garland Publishing], Church History, 58 (June 1989), 211-217.

[Robert Wuthnow, The Restructuring of American Religion], Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Chicago, Oct. 29, 1988

[R. Stephen Warner, New Wine in Old Wineskins], Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Chicago, Oct. 28, 1988

“The Historical Maturity of the Sociology of Religion,” Evangelical Studies Bulletin, 6:2 (Fall 1989), 1-5 [an adaptation of the preceding two reviews]

“Magnificent, But . . .” [The Library of America], Reformed Journal, Oct. 1987, pp. 15-24.

“The Bible in America” [volumes in the SBL’s Centennial Publication Series], Journal of Biblical Literature, 106 (Sept. 1987), 493-509.

“Protestant Polities, Religion, and American Public Life” [R. J. Neuhaus, ed., Unsecular America, and D. Frank, Less Than Conquerors], in Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture, Sept. 1987, pp. 39-42.

“Body and Soul: Perspectives on Health” [R. Numbers and D. Amundsen, Caring and Curing], Second Opinion: Health, Faith, and Ethics, 3 (1987), 108-25.

“The Limits of Religionism” [Marty E. Marty, Modern American Religion, Vol. I: The Irony of It All, 1893-1919], This World: A Journal of Religion and Public Life, 18 (Summer 1987), 112-115.

“Reasons and Arguments in the Constitution” [P. Kurland and R. Lerner, The Founders’ Constitution], Christian Century, May 20-27, 1987, pp. 499-503.

“Very Good, But What Is It?” [Bruce Kuklick, Churchmen and Philosophers], American Academy of Religion, Atlanta, November 1986.

“Books That Look At Us” [J. Bratt, Dutch Calvinism in Modern America; D. Harrell, Oral Roberts; G. Marsden, Reformation of Fundamentalism; and others on evangelicals, 1956- 1986], Christianity Today, Oct. 17, 1986, pp. 56, 59-61.

[Leo Ribuffo, The Old Christian Right], Evangelical Studies Bulletin, October 1984; reprinted Intellectual History Newsletter, 7 (Apr. 1985), 29-31.

“The Surprising Optimism of Donald Bloesch” [The Future of Evangelical Christianity], Center Journal, 3 (Summer 1984), 95-104; reprinted with second edition of book, pp. ix-xvii (Colorado Springs: Helmers & Howard, 1988).

“When Bad Books Happen to Good Causes: A Review Article” [Franky Schaeffer, Bad News for Modern Man], Reformed Journal, May 1984, pp. 25-30

[G. H. Williams, The Mind of John Paul II and 3-volume symposium of John Paul II], Christian Scholar’s Review, 12 (1983), 179-82.

“Jonathan Edwards, Moral Philosophy, and the Secularization of American Christian Thought: Two Important Books” [Norman Fiering, Moral Philosophy at Seventeenth-Century Harvard and Jonathan Edwards’s Moral Thought in Its British Context], Reformed Journal, February 1983, pp. 22-28

“Protestant Theology and Social Order in Antebellum America,” Religious Studies Review [books by Bozeman, Holifield, Hood, Hovenkamp, Loveland, Mathews, and Saum], 8 (1982), 133-42

“The Cleric as Detective” [C. M. Smith, Rev. Randolph; H. Kemmelman, The Rabbi], Reformed Journal, October 1976, pp. 28-30

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